How to diagnose potential cancerous moles?
Your doctor will discuss with you, the patient, about the point of appearance, growth rate (usually if the patient noticed if the mole is atypical in its features), living environment, work, sun exposure, if any family member had melanoma or not, or trauma suffered by cancerous moles. Then he looks very carefully and inspects atypical cancerous moles.
If the doctor is worried, total surgical excision of the cancerous moles can be done, after that he sends it to a histopathological examination, from where he will send the results on the mole's type, if it is a cancerous mole or not, if it is already a form of skin cancer or not. But if the pigmentation is extended, of if the patient says that the "mole" is ulcerated, bleeding, etc., if the overall mole's look seems to be advanced that the patient may present metastases in this case other measures are taken - therapeutic investigations are adjacent blood tests and imaging etc.
How to spot a cancerous mole at home?
Cancerous moles - risk of melanoma - are primarily asymmetric - that means their halves do not overlap perfectly;
Irregular edges - edges are irregular or poorly defined belongs, most often to malignant moles;
Moles with more colors on the surface or irregularly divided, whose color changes over time shows the risk of malignant moles;
Moles exaggeratedly black, white or red should also be checked by a dermatologist, because the normal color is dark brown for skin moles;
Moles with a large diameter that have increased their size are usually a high risk of melanoma.
What if I "hurt" a cancerous mole?
First, if injuries or breakage of cancerous moles should appear there is no reason to panic. If bleeding occurs, try to stop the bleeding by applying pressure with a cloth that was soaked in a disinfectant. Then all you have to do is present yourself at a dermatologist that examines any potential carcinogen and skin lesions (if any).
The belief that a mole's traumatizing has a role in the malignant transformation is lower than previously thought, it seems that the biggest risk in this regard is the intense and unprotected exposure to sunlight and genetic factor.
When should you have a mole removed?
A mole should be removed in the following situations:
Should be pointed out that after the removing of the mole a sign remains which can be ugly, so if you want to remove a mole for aesthetic reasons you should take into consideration this aspect.
What is the right treatment?
Generally, treatment is surgical and, in case of skin cancer, a series of measures associated specific therapy. Usually a person accuses a mole that it bothers him or for aesthetic reasons (on the face for example), or because it is a region of the skin that is exposed to friction with clothes (size, bra area).
Moles are, medically speaking, agglomerations of pigment cells, which can occur anywhere on the body. Most moles - adult females may have up to 40 - are harmless. However, in some cases, some moles become cancerous moles. Risk of melanoma - the most dangerous type of skin cancer - increases every year. There are a minimum appearances of 100 000 cases of melanoma. The cancerous moles must be removed immediately.