Atypical Moles

Atypical moles

     Regular monitoring is recommended for atypical moles every few months with any change. The doctor will look for the following changes in atypical moles:

  • Nevi that grow very much (normal moles unlike atypical moles are no bigger than a pencil width)
  • Unevenly colored nevi (atypical moles have more than two colors which indicate melanomas that are on their surface are many shades)
  • Atypical moles with irregular edges or surface (nevi are usually round or oval with regular margins)
  • Bleeding, local itching, redness, swelling or appearance of the surface crust (if the formation has not been traumatized ever), that will not heal in a few weeks
  • Emergence of a new mole that is irregular or has a strange appearance (normal nevi occur throughout the life, but their periodic check is recommended, if the edges are irregular or irregular color)
  • Inflammation, swelling or staining usually occur at atypical mole without obvious cause, and that lasts more than several weeks
  • Portions of skin that is itchy, endured, dirty, bleeding or skin, without an obvious cause (for example eczema).

Safe sun exposure

     The efficient prevention method of the skin from cancer consists of deliberate exposure to sunlight and limit prolonged exposure to sunlight.

     Don't lie to yourself but if you get burned with sunbathe, activities and travel by car with the windows open or practicing outdoor sports are also a way that you can get atypical moles and as a result from them skin cancer. The sun can burn all year long, so it is best to use sunscreen all year round.

     Ultraviolet radiations from the sun (which burns the skin) are more intense at midday (between April and September), at high altitudes (examples on skiing holidays), and as we get closer to the equator.

     The following tips are useful to protect ourselves against the sun:

  • Stay in the shade in the moments when the sun is very strong (between 11 am and 3 pm) to avoid risking atypical moles and skin cancer
  • Avoid sun exposure to infants and small children, use a cream with high sun protection factor, and dress them with vaporous clothing to protect delicate skin
  • Wear loose clothing, wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses
  • Use a sunscreen with high protection factor (minimum SPF 15) and apply it regularly, especially after bathing
  • Avoid the use of solar or UV lamps that emit ultraviolet radiation

     Most skin cancers occur due to sun exposure. However, only one in ten people has an atypical mole that is abnormal (dysplastic nevus), and which shows a higher risk of transformation into melanoma compared with a normal mole. Nevi problems are usually planar, large. Dysplastic nevi are sometimes diagnosed as melanoma because they can have similar issues.

     Solar Kerasotes or sun spots are small formations, red surface squamous giving rough feeling when they are palpable. Moles are most common in people over 40 years exposed to sunlight and are another sign of predisposition to melanoma.

     Risk of melanoma is increased in people with atypical moles, usually more than 25 moles. In this case caution about sun exposure and periodically checking moles for any changes are required. This is especially important if there is a family history of melanoma.

     Moles occur and the multitude of genetic factors specific to each individual, they may occur due to sun exposure, the lifestyle, but some internal diseases and how to skin care.

     Excess moles should not alarm us, but change or modify their appearance.

     Trauma or rupture of moles does not cause immediate skin cancer.

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